We all know what the history books tell us – that humans were hunters and gathers for about 250,000 years. And then around 10,000 years ago, a group of people solved the puzzle of agriculture from which the first seeds of big industrial farms were sown. Yes, as always, there were some tribes who resisted the new trends, but the trend was simply too powerful. And then things in this seed of civilization slowly became modern. But how is that civilizations became evil?
Mankind Progressed Beyond Hunting and Gathering
One thing that never changes is that human beings will always have short memories and a desire for fantasy. But none of man’s history has ever been wrapped up neatly in a little bundle. And it is simply because of how complex things are. And there are people around who still buck against the idea of agriculture appearing suddenly. And it is also argued as to how human beings drifted into the big cities we have on our landscapes today.
What we do know is that people today move into big cities by their own free wills. It is a combination of community, opportunity, and diversity that attract today’s youth to modern urban centers. There has been lots of discussion about tribalism among those in national politics, yet you have ponder exactly why such nomadic societies choose again and again to live in lands that are taxed and ruled by a central power. We may simply view this as that being the way life is, but it has taken millennia for the bureaucracies that we see today to grow and take hold.
How Civilizations Grew Across Time
And the reasons for this are not something to proud of. Among the factors that have contributed include climate change, disease, resource depletion, warfare, and migration to abundant areas. Perhaps the most alarming was the institution of slavery. Scholars have many times pointed that the state were not the creators of slavery or warfare, but there is no question that the state exacerbated it.
The thing about agriculture is that crops were not able to furnish a stable taxation source. This was because the harvests of some many crops were sporadic and could either be quickly hidden or eaten. But grains have specific ripening times which make it very easy for tax collectors to show up and collect taxes. Thus, it is factors like these that play into initial forms of currency.
Many of us thought that perhaps written languages came about to share letters or literature. This is not true at all. The fact is that taxes meant record keeping and these records needed to be accurate in order for profits to be realized. After farms were allotted, taxes were assessed, and records began to be kept, then this is the time that states were created.
When states were formed, labor became a huge commodity. When farmers became committed to their lands, more labor was needed – and sadly, this when they turned to slavery. But the state actually required two tiers of slavery to survive. Farmers needed slaves to work the fields, but the state also needed farmers to produce the crops. And these crops were rationed and even held in surpluses. And the state dished out enough crops for their people to exist, but not enough to have them capitalize.
And so as this model of the state kept growing, more and more labor was required. If the state had chosen to extract this labor from their own citizens, they were afraid of provoking rebellion.
Perhaps we have been enslaved by bureaucracies, but in the end, we are enslaved by ideas. This is how civilizations became evil.